QUESTION TO THE FINAL CONTROL

QUESTIONS

for final control on the discipline “Vascular surgery”  for students of 5th course of medical faculty №1

(specialty “Medical”) on 2019-2020 years

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QUESTIONS
1. Causes of embolism and acute thrombosis of the main arteries.
2. Clinical characteristic of embolism and acute thrombosis of the main arteries.
3. Classification of acute ischemia of the lower extremities by V. S. Saveliev.
4. Differential diagnosis of embolism and acute thrombosis of the main arteries.
5. Surgical tactics and methods of surgical treatment of embolism and acute thrombosis of the main arteries.
6. Methods of surgical treatment of arterial diseases (embolectomy, endarterectomy, bypass grafting, prosthetics, methods of indirect revascularization). Indications, complications.
7. Indications for conservative treatment of arterial diseases, drugs used.
8. Anticoagulants, fibrinolytics, thrombolytic drugs.
9. Methods of controlling the circulating blood system, their characteristics.
10. Etiology, pathogenesis of obliterating atherosclerosis and endarteritis of the lower extremities.
11. Classification of chronic ischemia and the level of the occlusion of the main arteries in the case of obliterate atherosclerosis according to A.A. Shalimov.
12. Modern theory and risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis.
13. Methods of examination of the arterial system.
14. Complications of obliterating atherosclerosis of the lower limb arteries and methods of their prevention.
15. Definition, clinical characteristics and methods of surgical treatment of Leriche syndrome.
16. Indications and contraindications for surgical treatment of obliterating atherosclerosis of the main arteries of the lower extremities.
17. Indications and contraindications to surgical treatment of obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities.
18. Early postoperative complications of reconstructive operations on the main arteries of the lower extremities in patients with obliterating atherosclerosis and their prevention methods.
19. Indications and contraindications for the conservative treatment of obliterating diseases of the arteries of the lower extremities.
20. Rehabilitation of patients who have undergone reconstructive operations on the aorta and main arteries.
21. Modern methods of aortoarteriography, complications of aortaography and methods of their prevention.
22. Nonspecific aortoarteritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnostics, treatment.
23. Factors providing normal venous hemodynamic.
24. Etiology of varicose veins.
25. Pathogenesis of the disorders venous hemodynamics in varicose disease.
26. Clinical characteristic of chronic venous insufficiency I stage.
27. Clinical characteristic of chronic venous insufficiency II stage.
28. Clinical characteristic of chronic venous insufficiency of III stage.
29. Complications of varicose veins disease.
30. Conservative treatment of post-thrombotic syndrome.
31. Indications for phlebography, technique of execution.
32. Etiology of thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous veins of the lower extremities.
33. Differential diagnostics of varicose disease and congenital vein dysplasia.
34. Conservative treatment of varicose disease of the lower extremities.
35. Conservative treatment of thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous veins of the lower extremities.
36. Treatment of a trophic ulcer caused by chronic venous insufficiency.
37. Indications and contraindications for surgical treatment of varicose disease of the lower extremities.
38. Sequences of operation of safenectomy.
39. Prevention of varicose disease of the lower extremities.
40. Ways of prevention of pulmonary embolism in the surgical treatment of ileo-femoral thrombosis.
41. Prevention of varicose disease of the lower extremities.
42. Etiology of thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous veins of the lower extremities.
43. Causes of thrombophlebitis of undiluted subcutaneous veins.
44. Pathogenesis and clinic of thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous veins.
45. Aortic and main vessels pathology. Aneurysms, injuries. Diagnostic and treatment.
46. X-ray – endovascular methods in the treatment of coronary heart disease.
47. Acute myocardial infarction: methods of myocardial revascularization.
48. Coronarography. Indications. Diagnostic capabilities.
49. Minimally invasive correction of congenital heart defects.
50. Aortocoronary bypass grafting. Principles, indications, types of shunting.
51. Surgical correction of acquired heart defects. Principles of minimally invasive and endoscopic surgery.
52. Aortocoronary bypass grafting. Indications for holding.
53. Chronic ischemic heart disease. Clinic, diagnostic methods. Coronarography and coronary angioplasty.
54. Aortocoronary bypass grafting. Indications for holding.
55. Acquired heart diseases: mitral stenosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnostics. Indications for surgery. Methods of surgical correction.
56. Acquired heart defects: insufficiency of mitral valve. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, indications for surgery. Methodic surgical correction.
57. Acquired heart defects: aortic valve stenosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnostics, indications for surgery. Methods of surgical correction.
58. Acquired heart defects: insufficiency of the aortic valve. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnosis, indications for surgery. Methods of surgical correction.
59. Acquired heart defects: tricuspid valve defects. Etiology, pathogenesis, clinic, diagnostics, indications for surgery. Methods of surgical correction.
60. Acquired heart disease: infective endocarditis of the tricuspid valve. Clinic, diagnostics, treatment.
61. Acquired heart diseases: combined valvular defects. Features of clinical manifestations. Diagnosis. Surgical tactics.
62. Surgical treatment of coronary artery disease. Indications and contraindications. Palliative surgery.
63. Palliative surgery. Autovenous aortocoronary bypass grafting.
64. Palliative surgery. Auto arterial aortocoronary bypass grafting.
65. Coronary artery bypass surgery.
66. Congenital heart defect: Fallo group defects. Pathophysiology Clinic, diagnostics, operative treatment.
67. Stenosis of the pulmonary artery. Clinic, diagnostics, treatment.

 

Chief of the department

of Endoscopic and Cardiovascular Surgery                                     prof. V.V. Petrushenko

 

 

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